Berlin Real Estate Report 2018
EUR 4.100. This is roughly the average quotation price for one square meter of living space in Berlin in 2018.10 years ago, in 2008, the same flat was offered on the market for EUR 1,800/m². The more than doubling of the price level within 10 years, however, comes more from a tectonic shift on the Berlin real estate market than from a price explosion. Immigration and catching-up effects are the two main players in this process. The Senate estimates that at least 135,000 additional apartments will be needed by 2030.
The Berlin-Brandenburg metropolitan region is located in the centre of the European Economic Area. The perception of Berlin as a city-state and Brandenburg as a surface country is increasingly giving way to the self-conception of the "Berlin-Brandenburg capital region". More than 6 million people live and work here on an area of more than 30,000 km². With the new BER Airport coming on stream in the years to come, the capital region will be even more strongly perceived internationally as a metropolitan region. With Berlin as the federal capital in the middle and the economically strong regions of Brandenburg, both countries will benefit even more from each other in the future.
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Population growth in Berlin
Population growth is a driving factor in the Berlin housing market. In the figures available to us for the first half of 2017, the Berlin-Brandenburg Statistics Office reports an increase in population of 18,400 to 3.69 million people. Growth in 2017 was lower than in the previous year due to a decline in the influx of refugees. Overall, however, population growth in Berlin is unbroken. We compared the districts with the figures for 2016. The table shows the percentage distribution by arrivals from the old and new federal states, Berlin's surroundings and from other countries. The table is sortable. Please select according to the criteria you are interested in.
New arrivals to Berlin by origin (2017)
|District||Old federal states||New federal states||Outskirts||Abroad|
More than just real estate agents!
Rising prices, higher complexity
Berlin is one of the top locations for investments thanks to the dynamic development of the real estate market and the ongoing demand.
Housing shortage will continue to dominate the market in the coming years. Increasing scarcity and rising prices, however, do not mean that any price will hold its own on the market. The complexity of transactions is increasing and so are the requirements of buyers with regard to the feasibility of an acquisition. The locations are differentiating and sellers have to recognise and exploit unexploited potential in order to exploit opportunities under difficult political conditions.
Berlin Real Estate Price Segments 2017
Viewed over the whole of Berlin, according to our analyses, the square metre price for apartments demanded by sellers on the market is approximately EUR 4,100/m² as of March 2018. The prices for existing apartments are more differentiated according to location, age, size and quality as well as typology than in new buildings.
There is a shift in the price range from the lower to the middle and upper price ranges across the entire urban area.
- The price segment up to EUR 2,000/m² will continue to lose weight in 2017 with less than 5,000 offers. In some districts there were almost no more apartments offered in this segment.
- The price segment of EUR 2,000/sqm to 4,000/sqm was nearly stable compared to the previous year. It is the strongest market segment with almost 56 percent of all existing apartments on offer.
- The price range from EUR 4,000/sqm to EUR 6,000/sqm covers approx. 26 percent of the total housing supply in Berlin.
- The price segment from EUR 6,000/sqm was already 7.1 percent in 2017.
Average offering price of an apartment in Berlin: 3.750 EUR/sqm
According to our research the average price per square meter is at 4.100 € in 2018. This analysis includes the whole area of Berlin and all existing buildings. More significant than for new built apartments, the location, age, size, quality and type are important influential factors for existing apartments.
It should be noted that almost one half of all new built apartments and houses are meant for ownership not for rental purposes. Many projects have already been permitted and will be offered to the market in the coming years. The pressure on the housing market could decrease with increasing new building projects.
Price Segments in Berlin’s districts
Berlin’s districts are developing in a heterogeneous degree. The lower price segment almost completely disappeared in the districts Mitte, Kreuzberg, Charlottenburg, Wilmersdorf, Friedrichshain and Prenzlauer Berg. At the same time the upper price segment continues to grow. Our district reports show a detailed price evolution of Berlin’s districts from 2007 until today.
Prices by apartment type
3,750 Euro/m² is the average required price for inventory residential units in Berlin excluding new buildings. Depending on the apartment type, prices may differ to a greater or lesser extent from the average.
In the district report section we have analysed the purchase prices for you in detail, depending on the type of apartment and the size of the apartment.
Continued influx will drive market for decades
The dynamic development on the Berlin housing market and the rising demand, which is expected to remain strong, make Berlin a top location for investments. By 30 June 2017, the population of Berlin was about 3,690,000 people.
The place to be
No other place in Germany will need, plan and build as many apartments in the coming years as Berlin. Every year, people from about 250 countries come to the capital. Berlin is one of the world's most sought-after metropolises. In 2016, the population grew by about 60,000 inhabitants as a result of immigration. There are no reliable figures for 2017 yet, and it is assumed that there will be a growth of about 18,000 people. Our world map above shows which countries of origin the new Berliners come from.
Real estate in Berlin at a glance
Berlin, the city of tenants
Many upcoming investment opportunities
Germany’s capital is the city of tenants, which means excellent investment opportunities. Out of a total of 1,9 Mio. apartments in Berlin, 1,6 Mio. of them are rental apartments. About 18 percent belong to housing associations and 12 percent to cooperatives. The remaining 70 percent are owned by big institutions or private persons. A few examples show why the real estate market in Berlin is so interesting despite or just because of the rental market.
- Young, high-income households are immigrating to the city. Households with medium to high incomes are growing. New segments of buyers are developing, which is quite normal for the acquisition of property.
- Even though the number of completed buildings is rising, an excess demand is still expected. Long-term investment opportunities are also given with the building of rental apartments.
- In an international comparison Berlin shows moderate prices. Prices per square meter are very attractive for international buyers. The focus is not mainly put on the return but on the potential increase in the value of a property. Choosing to invest in Berlin real estate is safe.
If 400.000 people move to Berlin until 2030, with 1,77 people per household, around 226.000 apartments have to be built. This means 17.4000 apartments have to be built per year between 2017 and 2030. With 17% of owner occupied housing, around 2.780 freehold apartments per year are theoretically needed.
- 2001): Bevölkerungsentwicklung in der Metropolregion Berlin 2002-2020, Statistische Landesamt Berlin, Senatsverwaltung für Stadtentwicklung, http://www.stadtentwicklung.berlin.de/planen/bevoelkerungsprognose/download/metropolreg.pdf (
- 2002): 06.07 Stadtstruktur (Ausgabe 2002), Senatsverwaltung für Stadtentwicklung, www.stadtentwicklung.berlin.de/umwelt/umweltatlas/e_text/ka607.doc (
- 2016): Immobilienpreisservice des IVD Berlin-Brandenburg e.V., IVD (
- 2015): BBU-Marktmonitor 2015, Berlin: BBU Verband Berlin-Brandenburgischer Wohnungsunternehmen e.V (